Cummins Big Cam History

Some interesting facts and data about Cummins Big Cam engines.

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Cummins BigCam I

Small Cam engine image
Observe the Small - Cam Camboxes

Big Cam I engine image
BigCam I Camboxes - highlighted

rear side view bigcam I engine
SmallCam and Bigcam I - same exhaust manifold

Big Cam I
The first Big Cam I engines were introduced in 1976.
Cummins aimed to meet new US government legislation at that time regarding noise levels and clean air requirements.

This engine replaced the Small Cam 855 series engines and it features a greater camshaft diameter and the introduction of top-stop injectors.

Visual differences
The major visual difference between small and big cam engines is that the cam boxes on the side of the engine were made much larger in big cam engines.

This feature made the big cam engines instantly distinguishable from small cam engines.

Refer to the preceding photos

Known Big Cam I CPL numbers
205 222 266 287 294 298 306 308 310 327 322 323 324 327 328 332 344 353 354 369 393 463 499 537 582 661


Cummins BigCam II

Big Cam II
Big Cam II engines were introduced in 1979.
The new features in this engine were:

  • demand-flow cooling
    i.e. only cool when the engine demands it
    to use the saved horsepower for output work
  • pulse exhaust manifold introduced
    A big increase in performance
    Some users upgraded their big cam I engines
    with pulse manifolds just to get this increased performance.
  • T46 turbochargers introduced
Image big cam 2 engine
Salient feature 1:
Big cam II still using the aluminum oil pan

Image big cam 2 engine
Salient feature 2:
Pulse Manifold introduced with Big Cam II

Known Big Cam II CPL numbers
329 330 338 339 345 349 377 391 392 414 433 449 450 454 455 456 457 458 459 473 481 482 483 485 491 492 506 509 516 518 529 536 543



Cummins BigCam III

Big Cam III
Big Cam III engines were introduced in 1983.
The new features in this engine were:

  • New pressed steel oil pans
    - a very noticeable feature
  • New oil cooler and water pump
  • Top Stop injectors modified to DFF
    DFF - (Direct Fuel Feed),
    extra fuel flow assists cooling
  • Holset HT3B turbocharger introduced
Image big cam 2 engine
Salient feature:
Big Cam III engines - started using
the pressed steel oil pan

Known Big Cam III CPL numbers
530 531 553 554 558 578 579 581 585 586 588 606 611 612 614 615 616 617 625 632 634 635 650 653 654 657 677 702 743 744 757 789 891 988 989 1310 1411



>

Cummins BigCam IV

Big Cam IV
Big Cam IV engines were introduced in 1985.
The new features in this engine were:

  • New intercooler introduced
  • Cross flow engines introduced
  • Cylinder heads modified
    not interchangeable with earlier models
  • Electronic Injection Begun
  • Pulse manifolds improved

Some Big Cam IV's not Cross flow
However, it appears not all Big Cam IV engines had all the new features.
Some new engines coming out of China - are called Big Cam IV and they are not cross flow engines - they look more like Big Cam III engines, with the Big Cam III look intercooler, but they do have new-type pulse manifolds.


Image big cam 2 engine
Chinese Big Cam IV
note the new type pulse manifold

Known Big Cam IV CPL numbers
642 658 673 674 675 676 718 749 794 795 796 797 806 811 812 814 821 827 832 833 838 840 903 904 905 910 911 974 1185 1186 1187 1188 1210 1211 1352


Image big cam 4 engine
Big Cam IV engine


BigCam Cummins N855 Specs, Bolt torques, Manuals, Books, Valve and injector set procedures




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